The Amhara Region is a regional state in northern Ethiopia, and the homeland of the Amhara people. Previously known as "Region 3", its capital is Bahir Dar. Ethiopia's largest inland body of water, Lake Tana, which is the source of the Blue Nile river, is located within Amhara. The region also contains the Semien Mountains National Park, which includes Ras Dashan, the highest point in Ethiopia.
Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America. Its abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems includes many endemic species and contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot. The core of the Maya civilisation, which extended across Mesoamerica, was historically based in the territory of modern Guatemala.
New Brunswick is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. Most of New Brunswick is forested with secondary forest or tertiary forest. At the start of European settlement, the Maritimes were covered from coast to coast by a forest of mature trees. Evidence of climate change in New Brunswick can be seen in its more intense precipitation events, more frequent winter thaws and less snowpack.
Australia is the oldest, flattest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils. It has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes and climates, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east, and mountain ranges in the south-east.
Tanzania is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. In 2012, Tanzania produced a National Climate Change Strategy in response to the growing concern of the negative impacts of climate change and climate variability.
The Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. It spans from the Hooghly River in India's state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh. It comprises closed and open mangrove forests, land used for agricultural purpose, mudflats and barren land, and is intersected by multiple tidal streams and channels.
Spain is a country in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of territory across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean. It has three main climatic zones, specifically Mediterranean, semi-arid and oceanic. On the west, Spain is bordered by Portugal; on the south, it is bordered by Gibraltar (a British overseas territory) and Morocco, through its exclaves in North Africa.
Mexico is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is crossed from north to south by two mountain ranges known as Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental, which are the extension of the Rocky Mountains from northern North America. Because of its high biodiversity Mexico has also been a frequent site of bioprospecting by international research bodies.
Florida is a state located in the Southeastern region of the United States. It is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. Much of Florida has an elevation of less than 12 feet, including many populated areas, making it susceptible to rising sea levels associated with global warming.
Colorado is a state in the Mountain West region of the United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. With increasing temperatures and decreasing water availability, Colorado's agriculture, forestry and tourism economies are expected to be heavily affected by climate change.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean. Many fjords punctuate its coastline, which is also where most settlements are situated. The island's interior, the Highlands of Iceland, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand, mountains, and lava fields. Iceland has three national parks: Vatnajökull National Park, Snæfellsjökull National Park, and Þingvellir National Park.
California is the most populous and third-latest state in the United States, though its per capita energy use is one of the smallest of any state in the United States. The state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast and metropolitan areas in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountains in the east and from the redwood and Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast.
Indonesia is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It consists of more than seventeen thousand islands, including Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, and parts of Borneo and New Guinea. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support one of the world's highest levels of biodiversity.
Denmark is a Nordic country in Northern Europe, consisting of the peninsula of Jutland and 443 named islands. The size of the land area cannot be stated exactly since the ocean constantly erodes and adds material to the coastline and because of human land reclamation projects (to counter erosion). Post-glacial rebound raises the land each year, extending the coast.
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe, covering almost a quarter of its territory. The country had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.95/10, ranking it 90th globally out of 172 countries. Some 3,700 plant species have been identified in the country.
Rwanda is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. It is highly elevated, giving it the soubriquet "land of thousand hills", with its geography dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. It is the most densely populated mainland African country.
British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada, situated between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains. TheCoast Mountains and theInside Passage's many inlets provide some of British Columbia's renowned and spectacular scenery, which forms the backdrop and context for a growing outdoor adventure and ecotourism industry.
Haiti is a country located on the island of Hispaniolain theGreater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It is the most mountainous nation in the Caribbean, its terrain consists of mountains interspersed with small coastal plains and river valleys. Haiti's forests covered 60% of the country as recently as 50 years ago, but that has been halved to a current estimate of 30%.
The Kijabe Forest is a remnant example of the forest type that used to cover much of the eastern wall of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa. The forest used to represent a fairly contiguous extension of the more mesic forests of the Aberdares watershed and the Kikuyu Escarpment Forest Reserve, which forms the headwaters of Kenya’s largest river, the Tana.
Colombia is a country in South America with territories in North America, bound on the north by the Caribbean Sea. It is one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries and has the second-highest level of biodiversity in the world. Its territory encompasses Amazon rainforest, highlands, grasslands, and deserts, and it is the only country in South America with coastlines and islands along both the Atlantic and Pacific.
New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. Owing to their remoteness, the islands of New Zealand were the last large habitable lands to be settled by humans. The country's physical isolation has caused biological isolation, resulting in a dynamic evolutionary ecology with examples of distinctive plants and animals as well as populations of widespread species.
The Atlantic Forest is a South American forest that extends along the Atlantic coast of Brazil from Rio Grande do Norte state in the northeast to Rio Grande do Sul state in the south and inland as far as Paraguay and the Misiones Province of Argentina. The Atlantic Forest has ecoregions within the following many biome categories and is characterised by a high biodiversity and endemism.
Honduras is a country in Central America. It was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish Colonization in the sixteenth century. Its northern portions are part of the western Caribbean zone and it is known for its rich natural resources, including minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, and sugar cane, as well as for its growing textiles industry.
Ontario is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada, one of the most populous provinces. The great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation. The Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province.
Peru is a megadiverse country country in western South America with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures, including the Inca Empire.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States. It is one of the most geographically diverse states in the U.S., marked by volcanoes, bodies of water, evergreen and mixed forests, as well as high deserts and semi-arid shrublands. Because of its diverse landscapes and waterways, their economy is largely powered by various forms of agriculture, fishing and hydroelectric power.
Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. More than 95% of Quebec's territory lies within the Canadian Shield - It is generally a quite flat and exposed mountainous terrain interspersed with higher points such as the Laurentian Mountains in southern Quebec, the Otish Mountains in central Quebec and the Torngat Mountains near Ungava Bay.
Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia, located at the eastern edge of the Indochinese Peninsula. Vietnam's land is mostly hilly and densely forested, with level land covering no more than 20%, the rest comprising of Mountains and tropical forests. Southern Vietnam is divided into coastal lowlands, the mountains of the Annamite Range, and extensive forests.
Uganda is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. Its geography is very diverse, consisting of volcanic hills, mountains, and lakes. The Ruwenzori mountain range contains the highest peak in Uganda, which is named Alexandra and measures 5,094 meters. Much of the south of the country is heavily influenced by one of the world's biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands.
The Philippines is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean and consists of about 7,640 islands. Situated on the western fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Philippines is a megadiverse country with eight major types of forests distributed throughout the islands.
Ghana is a country in West Africa with a diverse geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests. Grasslands mixed with south coastal shrublands and forests dominate the region. Climate change in Ghana is impacting the people in Ghana in several ways as the country sits at the intersection of three hydro-climatic zones.